Heidelberg University
Institute of Earth Sciences
Im Neuenheimer Feld 236
69120 Heidelberg
Phone: +49 6221 54-8291
Fax: +49 6221 54-5503


Palynology & Paleoenvironmental Dynamics







Tenaghi Philippon (Greece):


Geochemical data (MIS 1-5) 

Geochemical data (MIS 10-12)


Age-depth model (MIS 1-5)

Related publications:

Vakhrameeva, P., Koutsodendris, A., Wulf, S., Fletcher, W.J., Appelt, O., Knipping, M., Ger­tis­ser, R., Trieloff, M., Pross, J., 2018. The cryptotephra record of the Marine Iso­tope Stage 12 to 10 interval (460–335 ka) at Tenaghi Philippon, Greece: Exploring chro­no­lo­gi­cal markers for the Middle Pleistocene of the Eastern Mediterranean region. Qua­ter­­nary Scien­ce Reviews 200, 313-333.

Wulf, S., Hardiman, M., Staff, R.A., Koutsodendris, A., Appelt, O., Blockley, S.P.E., Lowe, J.J., Man­ning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Schmitt, A.K., Smith, V.C., Tomlinson, E.L., Vakhrameeva, P., Knip­ping, M., Kotthoff, U., Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Christanis, K., Kalaitzidis, S., Tzedakis, C., Schmiedl, G., Pross, J., 2018. The Marine Isotope Stage 1 to 5 cryptotephra record of Te­na­ghi Philippon, Greece: Towards a detailed tephrostratigraphic framework for the Eastern Medi­ter­ranean region. Qua­ter­­nary Science Reviews 186, 236-262.  

Albert, P.G., Hardiman, M., Keller, J., Tomlinson, E.L., Bourne, A.J., Smith, V.C., Wulf, S., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Ottolini, L., Matthews, I.P., Blockley, S.P.E., Menzies, M.A., 2015. Revisiting the Y-3 tephrostratigraphic marker: new diagnostic glass geochemistry, improved age estimate and climatostratigraphical context. Quaternary Science Reviews 118, 105-121.

Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Tzedakis, P.C., Gamble, C., Kotthoff, U., Schmiedl, G., Wulf, S., Christanis, K., 2011. The role of climate in the spread of modern humans into Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 273-279.


Lake Ohrid (Albania/FYROM):

Age model, glass shard analyses and pollen data of the DEEP composite record, geochemical analyses of tephras from the DEEP record

Related publication:

Kousis, I., Koutsodendris, A., Peyron, O., Leicher, N., Francke, A., Wagner, B., Giaccio, B., Knipping, M., Pross, J., 2018. Centennial-scale vegetation dynamics and climate variability in SE Europe during Marine Isotope Stage 11 based on a pollen record from Lake Ohrid. Quaternary Science Reviews 190, 20-38.


Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau, China):

Pollen-taxa percentages of the SG-1 record, Geochemical and biotic data of the SG-1 record

Related publication:

Koutsodendris, A., Sachse, D., Appel, E., Herb, C., Fischer, T., Fang, X.M., Pross, J., 2018. Prolonged monsoonal moisture availability preconditioned glaciation of the Tibetan Plateau during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Geophysical Research Letters 45, 13020-13030.


Etoliko Lagoon (Greece):

Varve chronology, Microfacies, Pollen, Dinocysts, Diatoms, Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes

Related publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Reed, J.M., Plessen, B., Friedrich, O., Hennrich, B., Zacharias, I., Pross, J., 2017. Climate variability in SE Europe since 1450 AD based on a varved sediment record from Etoliko Lagoon (western Greece). Quaternary Science Reviews 159, 63-76.

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Zacharias, I., Putyrskaya, V., Klemt, E., Sangiorgi, F., Pross, J., 2015. Ecosystem response to human- and climate-induced environmental stress on an anoxic coastal lagoon (Etoliko, Greece) since 1930 AD. Journal of Paleolimnology 53, 255-270.


Core GeoTü SL 152 (Aegean Sea, Greece):


Related publications:

Kotthoff, U., Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Bornemann, A., Marino, G., Peyron, O., Schiebel, R., 2011. Impact of Lateglacial cold events on the northern Aegean region reconstructed from marine and terrestrial proxy data. Journal of Quaternary Science 26, 86-96.

Kotthoff, U., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Peyron, O., Schmiedl, G., Schulz, H., Bordon, A., 2008. Climate dynamics in the borderlands of the Aegean Sea during formation of Sapropel S1 de­duced from a marine pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 832-845.

Kotthoff, U., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Lawson, I.T., van de Schootbrugge, B., Schulz, H., 2008. Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation dynamics in the Aegean region: An in­tegrated view based on pollen data from marine and terrestrial archives. The Holocene 18, 1019-1032.


Dethlingen (Germany):


Climate reconstructions, Oxygen isotopes

Diatoms, TOC, TN

Related publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Brauer, A., Kotthoff, U., Lotter, A.F., 2010. Vegetation dynamics and climate variability during the Holsteinian interglacial based on a pollen record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 3298-3307.

Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Brauer, A., Fletcher, W.J., Kühl, N., Kirilova, E., Verhagen, F.T.M., Lücke, A., Lotter, A.F., 2012. A short-term climate oscillation during the Holsteinian interglacial (MIS 11c): An analogy to the 8.2 ka climatic event? Global and Planetary Change 92, 224-235.

Koutsodendris, A., Lotter, A.F., Kirilova, E., Brauer, A., Pross, J., 2013. Evolution of a Holsteinian (MIS 11) paleolake ecosystem based on a 12-kyr-long diatom record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). Boreas 42, 714-728.


Jammertal (Germany):


Related publication:

Müller, U.C., Klotz, S., Geyh, M.A., Pross, J., Bond, G.C., 2005. Cyclic climate fluctuations dur­ing the last interglacial in central Europe. Geology 33, 449-452.





IODP Site U1406 (Newfoundland margin):


Related publication:

Egger, L.M., Bahr, A., Friedrich, O., Wilson, P.A., Norris, R.D., van Peer, T.E., Lippert, P.C., Lie­brand, D., Pross, J., 2018. Sea-level and surface-water change in the western North At­lan­tic across the Oligocene–Miocene Transition: a palynological perspective from IODP Site U1406 (New­foundland margin). Marine Micropaleontology 139, 57-71. 


IODP Hole 318-U1356A (off Antarctica):

Sporomorphs/R code

Climate reconstructions

Related publications:

Pross, J., Contreras, L., Bijl, P.K., Greenwood, D.R., Bohaty, S.M., Schouten, S., Bendle, J.A., Röhl, U., Tauxe, L., Raine, J.I., Huck, C.E., van de Flierdt, T., Jamieson, S.R., Stickley, C.E., van de Schootbrugge, B., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Expedition 318 Scientists, 2012. Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epoch. Nature 488, 73-77.

Contreras, L., Pross, J., Bijl, P.K., Koutsodendris, A., Raine, J.I., van de Schootbrugge, B., Brinkhuis, H., 2013. Early to middle Eocene vegetation dynamics at the Wilkes Land Margin (East Antarctica). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 197, 119-142.


Floersheim and Bodenheim (Germany):



Climate reconstructions (Fl)

Climate reconstructions (Bo)

Related publications:

Pross, J., Bruch, A.A., Kvacek, Z., 1998. Paläoklima-Rekonstruktionen für den Mittleren Rupelton (Unter-Oligozän) des Mainzer Beckens auf der Basis mikro- und makrobotanischer Befunde. Mainzer Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 27, 79-92.

Pross, J., Bruch, A.A., Mosbrugger, V., Kvacek, Z., 2001. Paleogene pollen and spores as a tool for quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions: the Oligocene of Central Europe in Goodman, D.K., Clarke, R.T. (eds.), Proceedings IX International Palynological Congress, Houston, Texas. AASP Foundation, Dallas, 299-310.


Upper Rhine Graben (Germany):


Related publication:

Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., 2002. Early Oligocene dinoflagellate cysts from the northern Rhine Gra­ben (SW Germany): Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic implications. Marine Micropaleontol­ogy 45, 1-24.





Höllviken-2 (Sweden), Mariental (Germany), Mingolsheim (Germany):


Related publication:

van de Schootbrugge, B., Quan, T.M., Lindstrom, S., Püttmann, W., Heunisch, C., Pross, J., Fiebig, J., Rosenthal, Y., Falkowski, P.G., 2009. Floral changes across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary linked to flood basalt volcanism. Nature Geoscience 2, 589-594.


Mariental (Germany), Rosswinkel (France):


Related publication:

Richoz, S., van de Schootbrugge, B., Pross, J., Püttmann, W., Heunisch, C., Fiebig, J., Schou-ten, S., Wignall, P.B., 2012. Hydrogen sulphide poisoning of shallow seas following the end-Triassic extinction. Nature Geoscience 5, 662-667.

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Latest Revision: 2018-12-30
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